Antonio: Systems Administrator from Spain

Essay practice for the IELTS

Topic: In general, people are living longer now. Discuss the causes for this phenomenon. Use specific details and reasons to support your answer.

There is a clear evidence that longevity has grown from the beginning of the 20th century. The ageing population is raising its percentage all over the world. But, what are the causes behind this unexpected long life expectancy? There are solid grounds that reveal both technological progress and health science are responsible for such effect on population. 

As health science evolves, so will our life expectancy. Undoubtedly, scientific research done in the health field cause a direct impact in population well-being or health. As a clear example of how science helps to people live longer, I can mention the Ebola outbreak that Africa deals with as of today. Modern medicine makes plausible to contain a deadly Ebola’s outbreak and also treats Ebola’s ills so that people can recover after being infected. Clearly, this same case of Ebola would have swept out an entire nation in the 19th century because of both lack of treatment and knowledge of the pattern disease. Therefore, the more health research we do, the greater benefits for population’s longevity.

On the other hand, it can be acknowledge that technological progress has also made a contribution to live expectancy as well. The technological revolution has provided humanity with means to perform tasks that cannot be done as good as a machine does by anyone. As an example of this benefit, I can point out surgery robots which provide with an overwhelming accuracy that any surgeon could possible gets. This means, that people diagnosed with tumor could save their lives thank to these machines. Otherwise, the likelihood of death would be high strong.

In conclusion, I strongly believe that the fact of people living longer nowadays is a reality made possible through health science and technologic. Besides, it is expected that I will keep increasing in the years to come as scientists and engineers carry on doing research to benefit humanity.